National cancer control programs, policies and managerial guidelines 2nd Edition

The government of each WHO Member State has a responsibility to establish a national policy and programme for pain relief and palliative care. Policy elements include measures to:

  • ensure that the palliative care programme is incorporated into the existing health care system;
  • ensure that health workers are adequately trained in cancer pain relief and palliative care;
  • ensure that equitable support is provided for programmes of palliative care, particularly in the home, and revise national health policies if necessary;
  • ensure that hospitals are able to offer appropriate specialist back-up and support for home care;
  • ensure the availability of opioid, nonopioid, and adjuvant analgesics, particularly morphine, for oral administration.
    • Access to controlled medicines

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